Petra – Jordan
Petra (Greek “πέτρα” (petra), meaning rock; Arabic: البتراء, Al-Batrāʾ) is a historical and archaeological city in the Jordanian governorate of Ma’an that is famous for its rock cut architecture and water conduits system.
Once the stronghold of the gifted Nabateans, an early Arab people, Petra was renowned for its massive architecture and the ingenuity of its pools, dam, and water channels. Today, thread your way through a narrow gorge until you come upon colossal ruins cut into the rock magnificent, silent, and unchanged.
The most famous attraction in Jordan is the Nabatean city of Petra, some 262 kilometers or 160 miles south of Amman. The Victorian traveler and poet, Dean Burgeon, gave Petra a description which holds to this day “Match me such a marvel save in Eastern clime, a rose red city half as old as time.”
More than 2,000 years ago Petra was used as a temporary refuge by nomadic Nabatean Arabs, Bedouins who came north out of Arabia. From a few caves in a rocky outcrop, easy to defend, the nabateans created Petra as a fortress city.